The Most Important Inventions of the Sumerian Civilization From writing to a system of time and mathematics, the world owes a lot to the numerous discoveries made by the ancient Sumerians. Pyramids were used as tombs for Egyptian Pharaohs and are the most recognizable monolithic architecture in the world. Ziggurat at Ur. Archaeologists suggest that the legend of the Tower of Babel was invented at a later date to account for the remains of ziggurats built by earlier generations in cities such as Ur and Babylon. He was a might hunter before the LORD; that is why it is said, "Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the LORD. Less than one month later, American Alan B. Ziggurats are important in history the way the White House is important today. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Ancient Mesopotamia - Ziggurats. In class we talked briefly about the level of manpower and the duration of time needed to construct one of the pyramids of Giza. So it was important to have a place where the whole town could run to as the water began to rise. At the summit was a shrine to the god. The remaining tower may have been built on a previous structure “Each ziggurat was dedicated to the city’s most important god or goddess. One was a large pit with 68 women and six men. Some ziggurats were as high as 70 feet. Within the pit were the items that they would take with them into the afterlife. Ancient Mesopotamian Art and Architecture Posted on February 6, 2017 by ACW Ancient Mesopotamian art refers to the works made by the civilizations of the ancient Near East that lived in the region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, modern day Iraq, from prehistory to the 6th century BC. Choga Zanbil. That is for every 8 levels one increases their magic rank by 1. Spend some time learning these terms and what they mean. Ellen Lloyd - Ancientpages. Its two great expansions were sufficiently remarkable to earn it a place in history beside the two other great Mesopotamian cultures, the Sumerians and Assyrians. The ziggurats built with large steps with each layer being smaller than the other. The latter was built in Babylon during the 2nd millennium BC and was considered the tallest tower of the ancient world. I am sorry for rushing you. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Ancient Mesopotamia - Ziggurats webquest print page. Trade was another key part of Sumer's economy. The remaining tower may have been built on a previous structure “Each ziggurat was dedicated to the city’s most important god or goddess. And there were 3,000 lesser gods and each represented an everyday item like a pickaxe. This question is part of Ancient Mesopotamia Unit Test. Why would contact between the Olmecs and Africa or the Maya and Egyptians-or people who had been to Egypt and seen the pyramids and stone carvings-be impossible? They are so important to read. We have expressed our religious beliefs by building statues and ziggurats. Each ziggurat was dedicated to the city's most important god or goddess. Though we have a comprehensive site on the Pyramids of Egypt, this is a summary overview for those who would like to digest just a little less information. The ziggurat was the first major building structure of the Sumerians. I had my goal, I had my mission. Why was the ziggurat important to the Sumerians? Ziggurats were the center of Sumerian life-all great events were celebrated there Who attended the schools in Sumer and what were the schools like?. Ziggurats were a form of temple common to the Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians of ancient Mesopotamia. "Assyria was a kingdom located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers that dominated the ancient world from the ninth century to the seventh century B. Its massive scale suggests that Stonehenge was vitally important to the ancient peoples who built it, but the monument’s purpose has been the subject of widespread speculation for centuries. The phenomenon that El Castillo is famous for occurs twice each year, at. If you could read and write in ancient Mesopotamia, you had a good life, and chances were pretty high you were born into that good life. The excavated remains of the ziggurat at Ur. Traditional views, regarding the length of time and the labor force of workers. In April 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space, and his spacecraft, Vostok 1, made a full orbit before returning to Earth. With 56 Levels she would have Tier 7 of magic, but with more level she would have Tier 8. The story of Sumer is like the plot to a science fiction story. The bases of ziggurats were either square or rectangular and 50 to 100 feet long per side. He was a heroical priest-king from the Sumerian city-state of Uruk. The metal was very brittle and the uprights were squashed flat. Two of iceman's possessions were items that had been woven. The mesopotamia region was famous for Ziggurats. Cuneiform and ziggurats used throughout Mesopotamian history for thousands of years after the fall of the Sumerian city-states. Why are the ziggurats so tall They were tall because they thought they could reach the gods int he sky. Nippur was an important city for religious reasons, since it was the home of the supreme god and creator of mankind, Enlil, a storm god, for whom a ziggurat and temple were built. Get an answer to your question "Why were scribes important in sumerian society " in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. From the base- up, new steps were added, until the ziggurat was topped by a small sanctuary. Although Anu was an important Mesopotamian god, archeologists have yet to find a picture of him. Ziggurats were huge "stepped" structures with, on their summit, far above the ground, a temple. The construction of the ziggurat was finished in the 21st century BCE by King Shulgi, who, in order to win the allegiance of cities, proclaimed himself a god. Only the priest and the king were allowed up onto the ziggurat. They were descended from one of the sons of Canaan (). He was a heroical priest-king from the Sumerian city-state of Uruk. Price 1987), Africa (e. The city of #Ur was one of the most important #Sumerian city-states in ancient #Mesopotamia during the 3rd millennium BC, and one of the best-preserved and most spectacular remains of this ancient. If you were mining and the pickaxe slipped and fell on your foot, the god of the pickaxe hated you!. The people of this civilization built their city around a temple called a ziggurat. I am sorry for rushing you. Religion was so important in Sumerian life that religion and government were combined. This is our work, our passion and where we spend the majority of our time, so it is important we enjoy the Ziggurat experience as much as you do. to create: Sumerians created the world’s 1. I was still me. Dams and Dikes these were to control flooding. To endure five minutes of gripping dread, die, and then have to start over from “the easy. It is presumed that they originally supported important buildings, especially temples. Aztec pyramids, pyramid-shaped structures, are an important part of ancient architecture of the Aztec Civilization. pdf), Text File (. In the old testament there is note of a mountainous ziggurat, known as the Tower of Babylon, which reached to the heavens. The people of Southern Mesopotamia and Elam; and later the Americas, did this by building monumental structures that reached upward to heaven to house their gods and to be Temples for their gods worship. Though its eroded platform stands only about 30 feet today, its base of oven-bked brick measures over 150 by 200 feet and once supported a far more imposing structure. Wheels were also used in a number of mechanical devices. Cuneiform is the first written language — probably in the world — and was used in Mesopotamia (current day Iraq and Syria). Each layer was square, with a smaller layer built on top. From a very early stage in their civilization, the Sumerians had taken to placing their important temples on platforms or, in the case of ziggurats, on a stepped series of platforms. Tell el-Mukayyar, Iraq The Ziggurat at Ur and the temple on its top were built around 2100 BCE by the king Ur-Nammu of the Third Dynasty of Ur for the moon goddess Nanna, the divine patron of the city state. As Herodotus mentioned, there may have been up to eight levels, and some estimates place the height of some finished ziggurats around 150 feet. The Sumerians believed that powerful gods lived in the sky. Large cities had begun to appear in Sumer by 3000 BC. Ancient Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent Ancient Mesopotamia’s complex civilization, based on city-states, developed a code of laws and a written language. What were Pictograms used for? 4. Although similar in shape to the pyramids of Egypt, ziggurats were not tombs but made of solid brickwork. The sides sloped upward as each level was added. Why were the ziggurats important? History Alive Ancient World chapter 5. A division of labor means that various people had various occupations. Background Sumerians were not just advanced in government and religion issues; they also developed many other things, that are part of our daily life today. Or do you think the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff hasn't seen such important video? Just to be clear, Milley did not confirm they had video or pics of al-Baghdadi's behavior in the tunnel. They are part of temple complexes, so they were probably connected with religion. That is why we have to teach the basics to children or anyone wanting to know how to use math. The sacred Pyramids, Ziggurats and Mountains-their purposes and why they were built The pyramids, ziggurats and sacred mountains had very similar purposes and use. mud-brick ziggurats were being constructed in many Sumerian cities. Ancient Mesopotamia - Ziggurats. The elder men in the family controlled the family’s property and made important decisions. That is for every 8 levels one increases their magic rank by 1. Ziggurats had a wide base that narrowed to a flat top. They were believed to be dwelling places for the gods and each city had its own patron god. Twenty-eight of them are in Iraq, and four of them are in Iran. The Sumerians were the first to divide both space and time by units of six. Why were ziggurats important? Ziggurats were important for two main reasons. In the city, there was an early cult of the gods Adad, Assur and the goddess Ishtar. The warriors were below nobles in the Iberian social pyramid. This is the currently selected item. Read about Ziggurats. Mesopotamia was in what present day country? 9. We can tell that Maya is important because he wears a fancy pleated kilt and apron. It is common for the ziggurat to be of central importance in city planning. Thanks for this blog post. He was also viewed as the source of all authority including the earthly power of rulers and fathers alike. No one knows for certain why ziggurats were built or how they were used. These structures looked like gigantic pyramids and had the form of hundreds of steps. The most famous Egyptian writing was hieroglyphics, another pictograph writing especially used for temples carvings. The most prominent Sumerian building was the religious temple, built atop a stepped tower called a ziggurat. Ziggurats were pyramid-like buildings, but archaeologists are still not absolutely sure what they were used for. The writing system is believed to have developed in response to an increasingly complex society in which records needed to be kept on taxes, rations, agricultural products and tributes to keep society running smoothly. The city-states were isolated from one another geographically and so the independence of each city-state became a cultural norm with important consequences. Then Babylon grew in power. What important contributions and inventions did the Sumerians make? 6. developed impressive skills for fashioning clothing. Ziggurats were built in many regions of Mesopotamia beginning in the later part of the 4000s BCE. As these groups spread out and became isolated, certain features (e. These ziggurats or binding locations egypt i mean. The United States took great effort in securing and prohibiting access to the Ziggurat during the War, even building an airbase next to it ( strangely enough). The twin rivers each flow more than 1,000 miles, or 1,600 kilometers, southeast across a great plain in an area known as the Middle East. The most successfull ancient civilizations were efficient farmers. Quickly move in close and press Melee. The largest buildings were ziggurats, temples for the gods and goddesses. The Euphrates is the longer of the two rivers at 1,780 miles long, while the Tigris runs at 1,150 miles long. Those were Ur, Lagash, Eridu and Kish. Mesopotamia spans the area now known as Iraq as well as parts of Turkey and Iran. They were used as religious. 16,000-14,000 BCE. A ziggurat was a Mesopotamian temple which also served as the city center/marketplace and school. These poisonous chemicals enter the lungs, then the bloodstream, which carries them throughout the body, resulting in immediate injury to the blood vessels and tissues. Why are the ziggurats so tall They were tall because they thought they could reach the gods int he sky. Humans have spent most of their history as hunting and food-gathering beings. They were built as temples to honor the gods and goddesses. Ziggurats were built by ancient Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians, Elamites, Eblaites and Babylonians for local religions, predominantly Mesopotamian religion and Elamite religion. Ancient region in which ziggurats were constructed. Ellen Lloyd - Ancientpages. The ziggurat was a mighty place building and looks like it took a long time to be built. It seems clear that the eye motif on these figures was very significant to our ancestors. Before that time, ancient ships were quite spectacular. No one knows for certain why ziggurats were built or how they were used. Ziggurat of Unknowing Wolves are an important part of ecosystems and largely endangered or that every combat in the damn place is pretty deadly so why bother. I was still me. Ziggurats and pyramids greatly differ in terms of purpose or function. The minerals and metals were then used to make jewelry or tools. The Babylonians actually used an asphalt to glue each brick together. Ruins of ziggurat at Ashur. Tombs of important people were often dug into the bases of ziggurats. François Lenormant and ziggurat. Why do EO’s do better when they have an executive administrator in their team? Build a Tower, Build a Team , by Tom Wujec Page 2 These activities were created thanks to collaboration between Ziggurat Language Services, S. To use an oracle bone, a diviner made two statements, one positive and one negative. When he's taken a few more hits, he will again sink to one knee, and you'll see the Melee icon above him. In Israel, these 'high places' were on top of mountains - see Bible Archaeology: Ancient 'High Places'. The ancient Egyptians were not in love with death. Many city-states also placed parks near their ziggurat. Ziggurats were built for religious purposes which was encouraged even more by the temples at the tops of them. mud-brick ziggurats were being constructed in many Sumerian cities. Not all ziggurats were so tall though, with many only four or five levels high. Nippur was an important city for religious reasons, since it was the home of the supreme god and creator of mankind, Enlil, a storm god, for whom a ziggurat and temple were built. Like the pyramids, ziggurats had mystical purposes as shrines, with the top of the ziggurat the most sacred spot. As part of their religion, the Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh needed certain things to succeed in the afterlife. Like the ziggurats of Mesopotamia, Mesoamerican pyramids served mainly as platforms for temples; internal chambers, if present, were small. Remains of the ziggurat and White Temple in Uruk. The alumni community is a very important part of the University, and the annual Global Gathering reunions are a fantastic opportunity to celebrate that. The largest buildings were ziggurats, temples for the gods and goddesses. Each canopic jar guarded a different. Genesis 6:4 “The Nephilim were on the earth in those days–and also afterward–when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. They essentially “invented” time by dividing day and night into 12-hour periods, hours into 60 minutes, and minutes into 60 seconds. Ashur contained a large number of important religious buildings, and a handful of palaces (more exactly three of them and thirty four temples, based on ancient sources dated to 7 th century BC). The areas that would lend themselves best for such a cross-cultural comparison would be ancient Rome (e. In ancient Assyria, it was more important for a ruler to be powerful than ''good'' -. In the ziggurat of Ur, four cylinders were found containing a prayer of Nabonidus. Head back to the main page and click on Ziggurats under the Sumerians section. Ruins of ziggurat at Ashur. This meant "Foundation of heaven and Earth" in Sumerian. They were immortal, which means they could live forever. “In fact I’d been struggling with it for years and ZIGGURAT. It is also believed that by erecting those monuments up this symbolizes the mountains from which their ancestors came from. Cuneiform is the first written language — probably in the world — and was used in Mesopotamia (current day Iraq and Syria). An exterior triple stairway or a spiral ramp led to the top of the ziggurat. The priests lived close by in two story mud brick houses, hardened by the sun. The most prominent Sumerian building was the religious temple, built atop a stepped tower called a ziggurat. Poisoned fields: A contributor to collapse. Ziggurats are important in history the way the White House is important today. This craft is known as textiles. They didn't get close at all but the end result of the short skirmish was the strong blizzard like weather currently affecting her and the surroundings. Less than one month later, American Alan B. Twenty-eight of them are in Iraq, and four of them are in Iran. The temple was dedicated to the patron deity of the city. Priests were the only people allowed on or in the ziggurats. The most important structures are: The Hall of Columns, The Ball Court, The Votive Pyramid, and The Palace and the Barracks. Many city-states also placed parks near their ziggurat. Mud-bricks were made from a mixture of mud and small pieces of straw or reeds. The Ziggurat Group is a company based out of Dallas, Texas that specializes in Autism evaluation, diagnosis, intervention, education, and treatment. Of all the social classes. Background Sumerians were not just advanced in government and religion issues; they also developed many other things, that are part of our daily life today. Mesopotamia: Greek word the means "between the rivers", part of fertile cresent: city-states: each city acted as a state with its own god or godess, its own government and eventually its own king: polytheism. Mesopotamia spans the area now known as Iraq as well as parts of Turkey and Iran. This is why many ziggurats today look like piles of sand or dirt with only parts of the original outer wall still standing. on StudyBlue. American Health Journal special on autism spectrum disorder. Wane definition is - to decrease in size, extent, or degree : dwindle: such as. Read and learn for free about the following article: Ziggurat of Ur If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Who was Hammurabi and why was he important 10. The Sumerians were polytheistic, which means they believed in many gods. In April 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space, and his spacecraft, Vostok 1, made a full orbit before returning to Earth. By the beginning of the 21st century, the site of the Hanging Gardens had not yet been conclusively established. The remaining tower may have been built on a previous structure “Each ziggurat was dedicated to the city’s most important god or goddess. Today, about 25 remain, found in an area from southern Babylonia all the way north to Assyria. Ziggurats were a form of temple common to the Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians of ancient Mesopotamia. This religion resides from the essence of the verses that constitute Vedas. " (Wight 3) for the particular god on the ziggurat. The Ziggurats were a common type of temple for the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians. Beginning around 5,500 years ago, the Sumerians built cities along the rivers in Lower Mesopotamia. Only in the past 9,000 to 10,000 years have humans discovered how to raise crops and tame animals. The people of Neo-Babylonia called the ziggurat the "House of the Platform Between Heaven and Earth. Libation vessels which held the water used in religious ceremonies were themselves sometimes produced in the shape of the ankh hieroglyph. The vagueness of when it comes and goes also is good, since it lets the GM use that as a story element to fit his game. Their height amplified the effect of quake forces while the rigid, unreinforced-brick construction did not allow the structures to flex with the shaking. , Sargon I created the world's first empire in the area of ancient Mesopotamia. In those cuneiform inscriptions, he recognized a new language, now known as Akkadian, which proved valuable to the understanding of ancient Mesopotamian civilization. Mesopotamian temples were designed on a rectangular plan. When you go to buy art supplies, you'll probably notice that a lot of mediums have at least two different ranges of materials: Student Quality and Artist Quality. The minerals and metals were then used to make jewelry or tools. Ashen ziggurat at Gomorrah. When priests would perform rituals at the top of the ziggurat, which sometimes included animal sacrifices, the people would watch from below. The ziggurat was dedicated to several gods and goddesses. Directions: The purpose of a ziggurat was to worship the gods. Later, ziggurats were constructed in Babylonian and Assyrian cities. Ivette, eL diazMelgarejo ! and 37 more people faved this grimmsmile2001. To appease the gods, the king was supposed to rule powerfully by conquering nations, gaining wealth, and expanding the empire. They were believed to be dwelling places for the gods and each city had its own patron god. Why is it important that we tell someone when a guy or girl can’t let go of a break-up or they become possessive, jealous, hurtful or even violent? 16. In response to the question “All things considered, do you think the world is getting better or worse, or neither getting better nor worse?”, just 10 per cent in Sweden, 6 per cent in the US, 4 per cent in Germany and 3 per cent in France thought things were getting better. Like an ancient Egyptian pyramid, an ancient Near Eastern ziggurat has four sides and rises up to the realm of the gods. The Ziggurats were made of mud brick, mud and straw, or clay and then heated for strength. Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late 20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism, marking a departure from modernism. Eighty thousand to 100,000 green brick were manufactured in a day. Much of the wealth Babylon gained from the empire was used for building. The gods were supposed to ensure the prosperity of the community. Mesopotamia was in what present day country? 9. But most of the step pyramids on our top ten list come from Mesoamerica were some of the largest and most beautiful pyramids in the world were built. The temple complex was one of the economic centers of the city. It was the Ziggurat itself, which was the evidence beyond the ages of the veneration of the Sumerian people for their gods. As a mud brick shrine became too small or old, the foundations and first few courses of brick work were incorporated into the platform supporting the next temple. Achievements of the Mesopotamians include the first form of writing and advancements in metalworking. Who was Hammurabi and why was he important 10. Mesoamerican pyramids were generally made of stone, allowing them to weather the elements far better than their brick ziggurat cousins. How did Mesopotamia pave the way for later civilizations? Essential Questions. In perhaps a similar fashion, it is believed the ramped terraces of the Mesopotamian ziggurats [cf. Written By: Ziggurat, pyramidal stepped temple tower that is an architectural and religious structure characteristic of the major cities of Mesopotamia (now mainly in Iraq) from approximately 2200 until 500 bce. Cereals, vines and olive trees were the most important cultivated crops. If an upper class person broke the arm of an upper class person, his arm would be broken. During the Iran-Iraq War, with so many men fighting in the military, women were required to study in fields and to work in positions normally filled by men. An examination of the various dynasties that came to rule Mesopotamia shows that ziggurats were important for a number of reasons: they served as a way for the people to connect to their most important gods, they provided a focal point for the secular community, and they also acted as a visible and tangible sign of a king's power. Most of the third level, the temple, and the arch at the top of the staircase have collapsed, but most of it remains standing and tours are provided by a third-generation Iraqi caretaker. “I think it’s important for Egyptian tourism. Rather, only priests or other authorized religious officials were allowed inside to tend to cult statues and make offerings. An empire is a collection of kingdoms under the power of one powerful ruler. The ziggurats built with large steps with each layer being smaller than the other. The ziggurat showed that the city was dedicated to that god. From a very early stage in their civilization, the Sumerians had taken to placing their important temples on platforms or, in the case of ziggurats, on a stepped series of platforms. They are equally ancient. to create: Sumerians created the world’s 1. But there are two differences: a ziggurat was not a tomb but a temple, and ziggurats were built well into the Seleucid age, whereas the building of pyramids came to an end after c. If Milley could confirm Trump's claim, he'd have done so and been able to do so if he'd seen any such video. The Sumerians also made a very important invention--the wheel. Where were they built (in the community)? Explore how ziggurats were built over time: Building Ziggurats. Society left behind baathists installed a ziggurat north mesopotamia. Wheat, barley, and dates were the major crops. org are unblocked. 20 m it is the largest known ziggurat. mud-brick ziggurats were being constructed in many Sumerian cities. Ellen Lloyd - Ancientpages. But there are two differences: a ziggurat was not a tomb but a temple, and ziggurats were built well into the Seleucid age, whereas the building of pyramids came to an end after c. The writing system is believed to have developed in response to an increasingly complex society in which records needed to be kept on taxes, rations, agricultural products and tributes to keep society running smoothly. txt) or read online for free. It is important to note that The Ziggurat Model is a system. Many women joined the labor force as teachers, physicians, dentists, factory workers, and civil servants, with the majority performing unskilled labor. Central American pyramids are closely related to the ziggurats of Sumer, Babylonia and Assyria: they are step pyramids with a central staircase, and a shrine at the top. They are part of temple complexes, so they were probably connected with religion. God’s judgment of the Tower of Babel was one of the greatest catastrophes in the history of the world. Some of the most important deities of ancient Mesopotamia were:. Ziggurats were important for two main reasons. The Standard of Ur, "war side". Babylonia was destroyed in 698 B. It was the Ziggurat itself, which was the evidence beyond the ages of the veneration of the Sumerian people for their gods. They were expected to obey their fathers, their husbands, and later, their own sons. A Ziggurat is a huge platform with a series of smaller platforms on top. To appease the gods, the king was supposed to rule powerfully by conquering nations, gaining wealth, and expanding the empire. These ziggurats are in essence mud-brick mountains or platforms for the most important temples. In a similar manner to other religious buildings, the idea was to create a connection between heaven and earth so height was considered to be very important. In its decoration we find an example of the cosmology of ancient Mesopotamia. One of the major obstacles was uncontrolled water supply. It is believed that the ziggurats of Uruk were created to imitate mountains so that their gods could dwell in them, and be closer to their city. When priests would perform rituals at the top of the ziggurat, which sometimes included animal sacrifices, the people would watch from below. What Is a Ziggurat? Ancient Temples of the Middle East. Because we are Jews, a lot of our history takes place in Israel, specifically Jerusalem. The wheel, the sail, and the 60-minute hour. Pyramids were originally thought to be the final resting places of the pharaohs but more recent archaeological finds have uncovered that they were built with very narrow shafts extending from the inside to the outer surface for the purpose of lifting the pharaoh's soul unto the heavens. 10 sumerian achievements 1. Click here 👆 to get an answer to your question ️ Ziggurats were made out of all of the following materials except Why was reducing the tariff important to. The ziggurat, or temple, is the most important artistic achievement of ancient Mesopotamia. In fact, Mesopotamia should be credited with the invention of the pottery wheel. The famous architectural achievements of ancient Egypt reflect the highly centralized power, stability and bureaucratic efficiency of a country that could mobilize cheap labor in almost unlimited quantities. Mesopotamian art and architecture, the art and architecture of the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations. There are 32 ziggurats known at, and near, Mesopotamia. The temple complex was one of the economic centers of the city. The Tower of Babel has frequently been connected with well-known structures, particularly the Etemenanki, a ziggurat devoted to Marduk by Nabopolassar (c. No one knows for certain why ziggurats were built or how they were used. The minerals and metals were then used to make jewelry or tools. As religion was central to Mesopotamian life, the ziggurat was the heart of a city. The construction of the ziggurat was finished in the 21st century BCE by King Shulgi, who, in order to win the allegiance of cities, proclaimed himself a god. The ziggurat was the first major building structure of the Sumerians. What is a Ziggurat? 5. Authors Ruth Aspy, Ph. Spend some time learning these terms and what they mean. Ancient structures known as ziggurats were basically enormous temples and were common in the ancient part of the world known as Mesopotamia, which spans the area now known as Iraq as well as parts of Turkey and Iran. Each ziggurat was topped by a shrine, used only be priests and priestesses who were servants of the god. As a result of farming people were able to stay in one place because they didn't have to follow the animals.